- about haemorrhoids
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Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are enlarged veins situated in or around the back passage (anus). They occur when these blood vessels become swollen in a similar way to varicose veins in the legs.
Under pressure the blood vessels in and around the anus stretch. Straining whilst on the toilet, chronic coughing and lots of heavy lifting are common ways that pressure in the abdomen is increased and that in turn results in increased pressure in the veins located around the anus. Pregnancy, being overweight and childbirth can also cause haemorrhoids.
Since straining on the toilet is one of the commonest reasons why haemorrhoids develop, avoiding constipation and having to strain is vital to improve symptoms. Eating a healthy diet that contains plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables and other fibre, drinking plenty of water, keeping active and keeping stress levels under control all help the bowel to function properly.
No. This is a very common belief but it’s a myth. Sitting on hard or cold surfaces may make haemorrhoids feel more uncomfortable for those people who already have them but will not actually cause haemorrhoids. Ignoring the urge to go to the toilet, inactivity, missing breakfast or eating on the go, however, can cause constipation, which makes straining and consequently haemorrhoids more likely.
Ice packs help reduce swelling and sitting in a warm bath filled with plain water for 10 minutes several times a day will relieve symptoms too. Don’t be over-hygienic when washing since this may cause more irritation. Try not to sit for long periods of time since this may cause more irritation. You can visit your pharmacist for advice on treatment to relieve pain and irritation. Stool softeners can be used to get the bowels working properly again and help to eliminate the need to strain.
Sometimes haemorrhoids will need to be treated surgically. If your doctor advises this then surgical treatment may involve laser heat treatment, chemical solution injections (sclerotherapy), rubber band ligation, or surgical removal of the haemorrhoids. The operation recommended depends upon whether the haemorrhoids are internal or external.
Make sure your diet contains plenty of fibre, drink lots of fluids and increase the amount of exercise you get. These measures will help prevent constipation, one of the main causes of haemorrhoids. Check out the lifestyle section of this site - it’s packed with advice on how to avoid the problem.
It depends on how troublesome they are. Normally, if your condition is not too serious, you'll notice a difference within a few days.
Make sure your diet contains plenty of fibre, drink lots of fluids and increase the amount of exercise you get. These measures will help prevent constipation, one of the main causes of haemorrhoids. Check out the lifestyle section of our site - it's packed with advice on how to avoid the problem.
Sitting down for long periods does increase the odds. Make sure you take regular breaks - by law you are entitled to time away from your computer screen to avoid eyestrain. In these breaks stand up and walk around. At lunchtime, take a walk, even if it's just round the block. In the evening, take advantage of all that energy you've stored up during the day - go out and do something that gets you moving and increases your heart rate.
The entire Germoloids range is available off the shelf in chemists and supermarkets.